Showing posts from November, 2015

How the Mighty Fall

    Volkswagen prided itself on its quality by using the tagline “Das Auto.” In a span of just three months, the auto maker has been forced to admit that millions of its diesel cars were equipped with software that was used to cheat on emission tests. Researchers at West Virginia University conducted on-road tests on Volkswagen cars and determined that when tested on the road some cars emitted 40 times the permitted levels of nitrogen oxide – a pollutant that can cause emphysema, bronchitis, and respiratory diseases.   The “cheating” comprised a software that sensed when the car was being tested and activated equipment that reduced emissions. The software turned the equipment off during regular driving, emitting pollutants far above the legally permissible limits, possibly to improve performance or to reduce fuel consumption.   Globally, more than ten million vehicles (Golf, Jetta, Beetle, Passat, A3, and Porsche) are alleged to have been affected. The company, unde

The 9 Types of Intelligence

When we think of intelligence, we tend to think of cognition as being uni-dimensional. In high school, we are told about the two hemispheres of the brain - one that processes logic and reasoning, and the other that processes creative thinking and abstraction. When you look at all the literature on the subject, you will find that most of us do not make use of even a fraction of our capacity. Sorry, it has little to do with genetics and a lot to do with practice - or more accurately, the lack of it. The fact is intelligence has many dimensions. In his book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Howard Gardner identified nine types of intelligence. Though some scholars have attempted to expand the concept further, we would do well to understand the nine types first. This insight is invaluable in appreciating the uniqueness of each individual and in explaining how and why some people are exceptional in certain fields of human endeavor. 1. Naturalistic Intelligence